Every piece of wood furniture has a storey to tell about how it was created, manufactured, cut, bent, coloured, painted, and transported. Throughout history, humans have preferred wood furniture that can be easily moved, is durable enough to withstand any external force, and has an appearance that blends in with the surrounding colours. As a result, it is vital that we provide you with information regarding how a piece of furniture is made, including the techniques and equipment used.
What are the different tools used to make a piece of furniture?
- Saw: This is a powerful tool and is available in all sizes so that it can be used in all shapes Miter saw: It is a sort of circular (circular) saw whose primary function is the oblique cutting of workpieces for a wide range of raw materials (wood, plastic, iron, and so on) at various angles.
- Jigsaw: This is one of the best sawing tools and cutting tools available. It's mostly used to make curved cuts in fibrewood, plywood, chipboard and other similar materials, as well as to create certain micro shapes.
- Chainsaw: This is used for further dealing out of wood and also cutting methods cutting.
- Circular saw: Based on the operation, they are of three types:
a) The Circular saw (or circular saw) – This model is used to cut and carve wooden items.
b) The Formatted circular saw – It's used to finish semi-finished panels (PAL, PFL, MDF, OSB, and so on) and give them final proportions.
c) The Circular saw– This type is used to cut logs and obtain chunks of wood.
5. Band saw: It is a significant tool for dividing wood into parts.
- Hand saw: It is used to saw wood pieces.
II) Machines for planning: There are three types:
a) Hand/manual planes are either made of wood or steel and are usually used for a wide plethora of tasks.
b) A jack plane is used for rough contouring.
c) Trimming is done with a block plane. Smoothing planes are eight or nine inches long and ideal for subtle cutting.
III) Hammers & mallets:
a) Carpenter hammer: It's used to hammer a nail into a piece of wood.
b) Claw hammer: It is metallic in nature and is used to drive nails into boards or remove points from various woods.
c) Joiner’s mallet: It can be used to strike a tool as well as to assemble softwoods.
IV) Wood machines:
a) Milling machine: A milling machine is an important piece of equipment in woodworking. Milling machines, rather than using a saw blade, employ a rotary cutting head, the design of which influences the milling profile.
b) CNC Milling Machine: These have a milling head that can penetrate through timbre on all sides using multiple axes and can be used to make any product.
V) Drilling machine: Drilling is a woodworking tool used to put bolts, threads, screws, and other items into the wood. Drilling machines are excellent instruments for furniture manufacturing, particularly chipboard processing.
What are the steps involved in the production of wood?
a. Head Rig: The primary saw is used to cut the tree into pieces.
b. Edging: Uneven edges and flaws in sawn components are no longer a problem with this processing step.
c. Trimming: The trimmer squares off the ends of lumber to produce consistent pieces that meet market specifications.
d. Rough Lumber Sorting: These pieces are divided into groups based on their size and intended use: dry (also known as green) or unseasoned (also known as raw) (also known as non-green).
e. Stickering: Dry-cut lumber is piled with spacers to allow air to circulate throughout the stack (also known as stickers). (This stage is skipped by green products.)
f. The drying process: Dry-cut lumber is piled with spacers to allow air to circulate throughout the stack (also known as stickers). (This stage is skipped by green products.)
g. The Planning process: polishing the surface of each piece of lumber to ensure uniform breadth and thickness.
h. Grading: The process of determining the characteristics of each piece of lumber in order to award it a "grade" (quality).
i. Kiln Drying: A good way to amplify the score of a wood value. Well-dried wood has various advantages over greenwood for both producers and consumers. It reduces production waste and extends the service life and usability of wood goods, giving customers a long-lasting, dependable product.
And the steps involved are:
a) Lumber manufacturers stack "green" wood with care, using spacers or "stickers" to create holes in the stack that allow air to circulate freely.
b) Depending on the wood species, the wood is heated to temperatures ranging from 110 to 180 degrees Fahrenheit in conventional-temperature kilns and 230 to 280 degrees Fahrenheit in high-temperature kilns.
c) Kiln temperatures, relative humidity (RH), and the MCas are some of the lumber factors largely favoured by operators The goal is to get the lumber to the right moisture content (MC) for its intended use.
Additional care is taken
a. If the wood in a mill's manufacturing line is damp or too dry, the ultimate product may receive a lower grade and be worth less than a properly kiln-dried piece.
b. Before further processing, the woods must be removed from the manufacturing line and possibly re-dried or re-milled as needed to make the highest grade timber or wood component possible for that piece, enhancing the mill's earnings and offering better quality items to consumers.
c. Wood products should be evaluated and monitored on a regular basis to ensure that MC levels are at ideal EMCs. Wood products will continue to absorb or lose moisture until they reach this EMC equilibrium with the environment.
But human errors are bound to happen, so to know the correct moisture present in the wood, it is important to assure a quality-ensured moisture meter that can tell you exactly the amount of moisture present in it.